WHAT IS GINGIVITIS?
The gums are a very vulnerable part of the mouth, and are exposed to many dangers, from gingivitis to periodontitis. Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums caused by the presence of bacteria. When it appears is not painful, but if left untreated it can develop into periodontitis, which seriously affects the teeth and can make them move. Good oral hygiene reduces and prevents the development of gingivitis.
CAUSES OF GINGIVITIS
Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gum tissue surrounding the tooth. The gum is red, swollen. Bleeding gums during brushing is often the first symptom of this inflammation. Gingivitis can affect anyone at any age and no pain at first. If untreated, it can evolve and be painful. To prevent gingivitis is important to maintain daily habits of brushing and using mouthwash. We recommend using antiseptic mouthwash as part of this routine. Formulated with added fluoride strengthens the teeth against cavities and helps prevent gingivitis by removing the main cause, the plate.
The main cause of gingivitis is the accumulation of plaque in the gum line. Plaque contains bacteria that attack the gums and cause inflammation.
GINGIVITIS HAS SEVERAL STAGES, EACH WITH DIFFERENT SYMPTOMS
Phase 1: Initial Injury. Gingivitis is mild. The gums may bleed slightly during brushing. The redness of the gums goes virtually unnoticed.
Phase 2: Early injury Gingivitis is moderate. Bleeding caused by brushing is more abundant, the gums are red and swelling first appears.
Phase 3: Established injury is severe gingivitis. Bleeding is spontaneous. Setting connective gingival epithelium to the tooth is affected. Once the gum leaves to adhere to the tooth surface, the sulcus (ie, the space between the gum and tooth) grows.
Gingivitis is reversible. Since the main cause of gingivitis is plaque, visiting the dentist and maintain good oral hygiene will help solve the problem.
SWOLLEN GUMS: AGGRAVATING FACTORS
Besides genetic trends presented by each person, a number of complicating factors. Some can be controlled, such as smoking or lack of vitamin C or B3. However, there are other factors that are difficult to change:
- Hormonal changes during pregnancy (pregnancy gingivitis), menopause or use of oral contraceptives.
- Some immunosuppressant’s and treatments for epilepsy.
- Certain systemic diseases such as diabetes, leukemia or AIDS.
- Crowns or fillings made wrong.
- The positioning of the teeth. When teeth overlap is more complicated to remove plaque by brushing.
SMOKING AND ITS CONSEQUENCES
The snuff weakens the gums. Snuff smoke changes the body’s response to the attacks of bacteria responsible for gum disease. The risk of developing periodontitis, gingivitis and subsequently increases to smoking during the time when the patient smokes. Therefore, the longer you smoke, the more likely it is that you develop a gum disease or periodontitis. By contrast, the risk decreases as soon as you stop smoking.