The evident scientific and technological evolution of toothpastes leads us to observe in the market a wide range of options. The color, taste, texture, presentation and price are some of the parameters in the selection of toothpaste. Given the large number of ingredients used to make current toothpastes, these have generally been classified as follows.
Cleaning agents. Generally all products include detergent compounds that penetrate and lodge deposits on the surface of the tooth, favoring its elimination; the most common is sodium lauryl sulfate.
Agents that prevent cavities. Preventive dentistry considered essential the use of fluoride because it has been shown to protect against caries, in addition to?? Demineralize? The injuries once said evil has appeared. Most toothpastes include it.
Since fluoride should be administered in limited amounts to avoid negative effects, such as dental fluorosis; the current standard requires that the concentration of Luxor in a toothpaste does not exceed 0.2 percent.
There are studies that suggest limiting the fluoride content in products for children under six years of age to a maximum of 0.05 percent, or indicate that pasta with a higher fluoride content should be used in small amounts (one drop in size) and low the supervision of an adult. It is very important that the toothpaste is not used as a sweet tooth, since its intake can cause stomach problems.
Agents that prevent tartar. The most commonly used are pyrophosphates, which chemically interfere with the formation of tartar, as they block the receptor sites of the salts responsible for this process. However, it should be mentioned that the ant calculus agents do not eliminate the hardened deposits, which must be removed by professional cleaning.
Bacterial antiplaque agents. The plaque dentobacteriana is a colorless and sticky film that is constantly formed on the teeth and is the main cause of diseases of the gums, which can cause even the loss of teeth. That is why the constant removal of this film is of the utmost importance. Among the commercial antiplaque chemical agents is Triclosan, effective against a wide variety of bacteria.
Desensitizing agents. Hypersensitivity can occur in single or multiple sites. It is related to problems such as a dental fracture, new caries, and recurrence of the same or migration of the gum that exposes sensitive areas. To treat hypersensitivity, toothpastes may include potassium nitrate, sodium citrate and / or strontium chloride. For the prolonged use of these products it is advisable to supervise a dentist.
Polishing or bleaching agents. They are used to remove stains, the most frequently used being silica, aluminum oxide, calcium carbonate and calcium phosphates, among others. Useful for very pigmented dentures and should not be used when sensitive areas are exposed. Sodium bicarbonate can also act as a mild abrasive if used in sufficient concentration.
Other ingredients Flavoring agents such as peppermint, peppermint and other artificial sweeteners are included; there are also humectants that prevent the loss of water in the paste and gold’s that give body to the product, avoiding the separation of its components.
Do not leave all your treatment to your toothpaste, it is very important professional assessment, to tell you what is the personal requirement according to your health or dental diseases.