Proper oral hygiene is the key to preventing childhood caries and other oral disease factor. It is the responsibility of the parents at least until the child has adequate motor ability to perform these procedures, never before age 5. It is from 8 to 10 years old the child is considered self to do it alone. From now until adolescence night monitoring your oral hygiene is recommended.
It is important to understand how damaging it can be for children to sleep without eliminating food waste, as during sleeping hours develops and grows the bacterial macrobiotic, to the point of producing caries.
The main guidelines to follow are:
- Brushing. After the first teeth erupt, begin to oral cleaning twice daily. The brush should be appropriate to the child’s age and have a specific design with a long straight handle, a thick handle, soft bristles with rounded tips and a head size compatible with the child’s mouth. We recommend cleaning the side tooth surfaces (buccal and lingual) with circular movements and occlusal surfaces with movements.
- Use fluoride and dental pulp. Should complement brushing with a fluoridated toothpaste, but not recommended in children who have not learned to spit (usually under two years old). Fluoride has been shown to be a safe and effective tool in reducing caries and reversing tooth enamel demineralization, but you supervise its administration in children because side effects, such as irritation of the soft tissues, etc.
- Use dental floss. Flossing is essential to good oral cleaning to remove plaque accumulated on the teeth, avoiding the risk of interproximal caries.