Tooth decay is a type of infection that we all know well. This section will explain how it develops, we show you simple and effective tips to prevent and we will review what current treatments are. Here you will find all the information you need to adopt good habits to help you maintain healthy teeth.
Causes of Tooth Decay
Tooth decay is a disease that can destroy the enamel, which is the hardest substance in the human body. Progressively attacks all parts of the tooth and can have very serious consequences for health.
The Origin of the Formation of Decay
The human body naturally contains a large number of bacteria. Most of them are harmless and even necessary for the functioning of the body, and especially for the mouth. In the mouth, saliva, bacteria and food debris just collecting on the surface of the teeth and form plaque . If plaque is not removed every so often ends up attacking the enamel surface of the teeth. Thereafter, if untreated, will progress attacking the tissues, becoming deeper.
Phases of Destruction
Phase 1: The first phase of development of caries is painless and symptoms are difficult to discern. Tooth decay affects enamel, a hard substance that covers the teeth. If the dentist is not detected in a review, caries advance without us noticing.
Step 2: Then caries attacks the dentin (or ivory), the substance of which is composed most of the tooth. In this phase, the cavity is already painful.
Phase 3: The decay does not stop destroying the dentin and reach the pulp, which is where blood vessels and nerves of the tooth. This infection causes a sharp pain.
Step 4: If no action is taken, the decay advances to reach the tissue surrounding the teeth: the periodontal ligaments, bone and gum. At that point a tooth abscess, which is much more painful than usual toothache pain and can cause detachment of the tooth, is formed.
Tips: When a cavity begins to form, white spots on the tooth (initial caries) are observed: these are the first signs of decay. These spots are not easy to recognize. The most effective method remains radiographs performed by the dentist. If you notice any pain or any of the more sensitive teeth than usual, see your dentist as soon as possible.